The Nigerian coat of arm was designed by an undocumented individual and officially adopted by law in 1975. But prior to that, each geopolitical constituents had its own unique coat of arm. Along with the national flag, currency, etc., the Coat of Arms is one of the national symbols of the Great country, Nigeria. The Coat of Arms is made up of several components that each bear unique meaning; seven (7) components to be more specific.
At the elementary or primary school level, pupils are often taught about the coat of arms and possibly, some are not even taught at all. This write-up seeks to achieve two things at least; firstly, to enlighten those who do not know what these components of the coat of arms mean. Secondly, to serve as a reminder or refresher to those who have been taught or have forgotten. So here we go, the meanings of the several components of the Nigerian Coat of Arms.
The Nigerian coat of arm is made up of a black shield which has a curly ‘Y’ symbol crested in its middle and a green and white band atop. Two off-white coloured horses stand facing each other at both sides of the shield, and a giant red eagle that rests on the crest of the shield. Other notable features are the green grass on which the shield rests and the 6 red Costus spectabilis flowers scattered within the grass. Also found in its base is an inscription which reads “Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress”.
Below are the
meanings of these components: