Project Topics

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED RECYCLING SYSTEM FOR PROTECTING THE GREEN ENVIRONMENT

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED RECYCLING SYSTEM FOR PROTECTING THE GREEN ENVIRONMENT

ABSTRACT

Our earth suffers a lot from the things that are tossed uselessly; these things might be advantageous to our society. Then again, communities across the country endure a lot of waste particularly plastic waste; this has led to environmental pollution and depletion of natural resources. Therefore, this research aims to achieve sustainable development and designing a computerized system to aid in the recycling of waste products. As part of the Nigeria’s vision 2020. The implementation of the Recycle site, will improve waste and plastics disposal in an environmentally positive manner. The proposed system was developed using the HTML & CSS, and the PHP and mySQL programming language for the client server.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

According to Roch man, Browne, in the year 2012 alone, it was estimated that about 280 million tons of plastic has been produced worldwide. From that amount, about 130 million tons of the plastics were land filled or recycled. Of the remaining 150 million tons, plastic will find their place in daily lives of human being. Meanwhile, the rest of the plastic fraction find their final way as litters in the oceans or land filled. Thus, the plastic waste carries genuine natural risk to present day society since it is made up from a few poisonous synthetic concoctions, and subsequently plastic dirties soil, air and water ifa not properly managed or treated. Accordingly, when a large portion of the accessible plastic today is made up from non-biodegradable sources, land-filling by utilizing plastic would mean covering the destructive material for over a period until it naturally degrades. In their unique condition, any plastic materials would build the waste volume during area filling. However, their degradation rate and bulky in nature creates environmental risks tremendously. Besides, the plastic waste mass may hinder the ground water movement. Plastic waste may usually in the form of film and hard plastic may contains harmful metal based elements such heavy metal, at which when mixed up with water or rain water can impede soil and receive water.

Moreover, plastic trash can block the pace of permeation and in turns would fall apart the dirt fruitfulness on the off chance that it is blended with soil. Moreover, plastic waste which is mostly disposed into surface water, public drain, river or sea water can create imbalance of the water and aquatic life.

The idea of recycling began during the First and Second World Wars, when countries suffered from a severe shortage of some basic materials such as rubber, which led to the collection of these waste materials for reuse. After years, recycling became one of the most important methods for waste management; For many years, direct recycling by scrap producers was the basic form of recycling, but by the early 1990s, the focus was on indirect recycling, ie, the manufacture of waste materials to produce other products based on the same raw material as recycling of glass, paper, plastics, aluminum and other materials. Industry experts have found that if recycling programs are taken seriously, they can help reduce the cost of raw materials and operating costs, and improve their image as being guilty for environmental pollution.

After ten years of application of the idea the question about the effectiveness of the process and the best means to get rid of waste has appeared. They have discovered over time that the cost of remanufacturing is high compared to its advantages and returns. The recycled product is usually lower in quality than the primary product used for the first time; also it is not used for the same purposes as the primary product. However, the cost of manufacturing it is higher than the cost of manufacturing the primary product from its raw materials, making the recycling process economically illogical and energy wasting. Where, another method of waste disposal should be sought while at the same time non-renewable raw materials are not wasted. Some ideas already begun to emerge, such as using crushed glass in waste as an alternative to sand in street paving or trying to use waste to generate clean energy. In the future, many other ideas are expected to get rid of waste piles in a way that conserves the environment and does not waste energy. Green parties have emerged in many parts of the country, and many are aware of environmental awareness and a genuine desire to stop the drain of resources. A generation was emerging that knew new vocabulary such as the Ecological System, Global Warming, the Effect Green House, the ozone hole, recycling use, the ozone hole, recycling.

1.2     STATEMENT  OF THE STUDY

Communities endure a huge amount of waste and this has promoted ecological pollution and depletion of natural resources, and the expansion of this negative phenomena resulting from the use of the wrong methods to get rid of these wastes and the negative consequences on public health and also suffer from plastic waste as it is one of the products manufactured from petrol, Which is used in many industries such as: making cups and dishes, but at the same time it does not decompose easily, it may take millions of years to decompose completely, so it is dangerous to the environment. The negative disposal of these wastes also affects the ozone layer, increasing global warming, increasing the temperature level in general, and burying some of the waste, which leads to soil spoilage, plant death and increases desertification rates.

Therefore the computerized recycling system for protecting green environment will promote the culture of recycling across nations around the world and show it importance to the environment and general public.

1.3     MOTIVATION OF THE STUDY

Where the statistics indicate the high per capita consumption will reach 1.39kg per person in 2018, indicating the high consumption of plastic materials, paper and other materials, which will increase the cost of burning and burying these materials and increase the environmental pollution resulting from the burning and will corrupt soil as a result of dumping of non-biodegradable materials. This will increase the percentage of desertification and increase the global warming, which led to the extinction and scarcity of many living creatures. Therefore, recycling processes should be taken seriously to reduce environmental problems and provide a less harmful environment for us and for future generations.

1.4 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The aim of the study is design and implement a computerized recycling system for protecting the green environment with the following objectives:

–     Achieving part of the United Nations vision 2020 which aims to achieve environmental sustainability.

–     Reducing environmental pollution caused by plastics materials, paper and cans.

–     Reduce the human damages caused by pollution of ground and surface water and also soil pollution.

SCREEN SHOTS OF THE APPLICATION

1.5 DEFINITION OF TERMS

– Pollution – Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change.

– Green environment– Green Environment relates to the concerns for environmental conservation and improved health of the environment.

– Plastics Materials– Plastic is material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organic compounds that are malleable and so can be molded into solid objects.

– Computerized:  convert to a system that is operated or controlled by computer.

– Decomposed: (with reference to a chemical compound) break down or cause to break down into component elements or simpler constituents.

– Clean energy: energy, as electricity or nuclear power, that does not pollute the atmosphere when used, as opposed to coal and oil, that do.

– Recycling: the action or process of converting waste into reusable material.